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A stage when women usually cannot conceive is known as menopause. According to ncbi research In the early 50s, the average woman experienced natural menopause. Premature menopause occurs before the age of 40, and early menopause occurs before 45. These disorders have symptoms comparable to normal menopause, yet the causes are frequently unidentified.
This article will help you know the causes of premature menopause in early 40 females, its symptoms, associated risks, and treatment.
Stages Of Menopause
Menopause is the time in the life of women when their menstrual cycle (periods) comes to an end. Natural menopause usually occurs in a woman’s early fifties. It is a natural consequence of getting older, implying that women may no longer conceive. Natural menopause is divided into three stages:
Perimenopause is a transitional period in which the ovaries produce fewer hormones, fluctuating progesterone and estrogen levels, and lower testosterone levels. Once menopause sets in, this phase comes to an end. Menopausal symptoms usually start at this period, perhaps the most severe.
Menopause is when a woman’s menstrual comes to an end, and most women experience it in the early 50s. However, the average age for women to enter natural menopause is between 51 and 52. The ovaries stop producing eggs, and estrogen levels plummet. It occurs when a female has not had her period for about 12 months in a row. It is crucial to double-check that the lack of periods isn’t related to something else, such as using birth control pills or thyroid function.
Once women have passed through menopause, they enter postmenopause. The period following menopause is known as postmenopause and rest of the life continues in this stage after this happens. Certain health conditions, such as heart disease and osteoporosis, are more common among postmenopausal women. Hot flashes, for example, can begin to taper off as menopause progresses, but for several women, they can last longer or for a decade.
Understanding Premature Menopause
Early menopause and premature menopause are terms used to describe when a woman reaches menopause sooner than planned. These disorders may make it difficult for women to conceive. Primary ovarian insufficiency occurs when no obvious surgical or medical explanation for premature menopause (POI) occurs. It is also known as premature ovarian insufficiency.
Since women who are informed, they have early menopause can experience irregular ovulation, monthly blood, or even conception after being informed they have ovarian “failure,” the term “premature ovarian failure” is no longer used.
Causes Of Premature Menopause
Treatment or medical conditions may cause premature menopause or occur without any known cause. However, many causes are there that may cause premature menopause, including the following:
- A surgery that resulted in the removal of ovaries.
- Surgical removal of the uterus (hysterectomy).
- Adverse effects of radiation or chemotherapy.
- History of early menopause in the family.
- Certain medicinal issues include Chromosomal anomalies (Turner’s syndrome, Fragile X syndrome), HIV and AIDS, and autoimmune conditions (inflammatory bowel illnesses, rheumatoid arthritis).
- Certain infections, such as mumps.
Symptoms of Premature Menopause
For some years before the last menstrual period, women can have irregular menstrual cycles. When your periods are irregular, you must consult your physician to determine the cause. The symptoms and signs of premature menopause include several usual symptoms of menopause, which are the following:
- Breast tenderness
- Changes in sex drive (libido)
- Cold flashes or night sweats
- Dry mouth, dry eyes, or dry skin
- Early mortality
- Hair thinning or hair loss
- Hot flashes
- Increased urinary tract infections
- Often temporary memory lapses and difficulty concentrating
- Pains, muscle, and joint aches
- Racing heart
- Sex discomfort and vaginal dryness
- Sleeping issues (insomnia)
- Urinary urgency
- Weight gain
Risks Of Premature Menopause
Estrogen loss at a young age is often associated with increased risks of various medical issues, including the following:
- Mood disorders
- Heart disease
- Several neurological disorders, such as the increased risk of dementia
- Sexual dysfunction
Treating Early Menopause
The treatment for the illness varies based on why menopause began sooner than usual. Hormone replacement treatment (HRT) is typically prescribed to every female with premature menopause or primary ovarian insufficiency until there is a strong reason why it cannot be used. A lot of confusion associated with hormone therapies’ safety is there. Several dangers associated with hormone therapy following natural menopause are not supposed to implement in women who experience premature menopause. It is crucial to talk to your doctor about the benefits and drawbacks of hormone therapy. They are a valuable resource while receiving conflicting details about the safety associated with hormone therapy.
Possibility Of Conceiving After Premature Menopause
It may be challenging to distinguish between “menopause” and primary ovarian insufficiency in women in their early 40s unless the ovaries have already been removed surgically. Irregular ovulation may occur in women with Primary Ovarian Insufficiency (POI) that might or might not be followed by a menstrual bleed. Some women could conceive with In-vitro Fertilization (IVF) and egg donation. Working with a reproductive specialist to explore possibilities is crucial.
Besides, if you want to conceive in the future, you may have different options. Fertility may be recovered in a few situations, and pregnancy could be feasible. In-vitro Fertilization (IVF) and other forms of assisted reproductive technology (ART) may be investigated. You can discuss contraceptive choices with your doctor if you don’t want to conceive while on hormone replacement therapy.
A few women reach menopause before their 40s due to medical procedures, illness, or genetics. Premature menopause is menopause that occurs in the early 40, whether induced or natural. You can book an appointment with Aastha Fertility Care Jaipur to discuss potential causes of premature menopause in the early 40s and your reproductive concerns.